Barry Naughton Gives Lecture on China’s Rapid Growth

Sydney Davison, The Telescope

Palomar’s Political Economy Days lectures were held April 17-18, covering a wide range of speakers and topics. Below are summaries of select lectures from Wednesday’s sessions.

“China: The End of Hyper Growth” – University of California Professor Barry Naughton

Barry Naughton, Professor of Economics and Chinese Economy from University of California, spoke on the country of China in his speech titled China: The End of Hyper growth, at Palomar’s Political Economy Days on April 17.

Naughton argued that China is a rapidly growing country and has become an increasingly large part of our world. Naughton said that the China’s GDP has grown 10 percent every year for 30 years.

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Susan Shirk Cited on China’s Part in North Korea

Ian Bond, Public Service Europe

From London or Brussels, the situation on the Korean Peninsula can appear – in the words of former British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain – a “quarrel in a far-away country between people of whom we know nothing”. On one side, a mad dictator – you only have to look at his hairstyle – with nuclear weapons and long-range missiles of doubtful reliability. On the other side, the country of Gangnam Style and Samsung. The nuclear weapons cannot reach Europe. And the big global powers, the United States and China, are already engaged. Europe could leave them to sort things out, at best playing the role of a Greek chorus in support of US policy; as a western ex-official described it recently.

But that would be a mistake. Seasoned Korea watchers say that the current crisis is as serious as they can recall. Against that background, as the US flies B2 bombers over South Korea and Japan deploys ships with anti-missile defences, one could ask – as Stalin did of the Pope – how many divisions the EU has. But while it may not have armies there, Europe has interests and assets in the region. It should think about how to protect the former and use the latter.

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Joint Fudan-UC Conference 2013: China’s Domestic Challenges

Victoria Calaguian, IR/PS

The unprecedented first joint conference on China’s Domestic Challenges by Fudan University and the UC Center on Contemporary China successfully concluded on March 25, 2013, paving the way for the first of an annual conference series focused on exploring China’s obstacles and opportunities in an era of new leadership.

The conference brought together a number of leading scholars from Fudan University, China experts and scholars across the UC campuses, graduate students and community members. Scholarly works on population trends, protests, migration, public health, and energy market were presented at the event, which was supported by the UC San Diego School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IR/PS).

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Barry Naughton on China’s Appointment of New Vice Chairman for NDRC


Liu He was appointed as a vice chairman of China’s top economic-planning agency, a sign that President Xi Jinping’s government may be preparing to quicken market-driven policy changes to sustain growth.

The National Development and Reform Commission’s website today showed Liu, previously Communist Party secretary of the State Council’s Development Research Center, as one of 11 deputies. He was also promoted this month to director of the Office of the Central Leading Group on Financial and Economic Affairs from deputy director, his online biography shows.

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Junjie Zhang on China’s Environmental Plan

Sarah Carlson, The International

As China undergoes rapid industrialization, several months of record pollution, chemical spillage, and the Chinese government’s recognition of “cancer villages” have exacerbated China’s deteriorating environment.

Over the last several decades, China has moved from a centrally-planned economy to a market-based system, and in 2010 China became the world’s largest exporter of commodities such as of electrical machinery, medical equipment, steel, and iron. By 2012 China had the second-largest economy in the world. Yet while the economy continues to grow, mass industrialization has led to rapid deterioration of China’s environment. Because of China’s economic development, which led to increased agricultural activity, along with erosion, an estimated one-fifth of China’s agricultural land has been lost. Along with loss of land, severe air pollution in major cities has created thick blankets of smog, which has given rise to “cancer villages” and a growing number of deaths attributed to pulmonary diseases and lung cancer.

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Lei Guang on Chinese State-Owned Businesses

Angelo Young, International Business Times

China’s Guangzhou Automobile Group Co. Ltd., aka GAC Group, rolled into the North American International Auto Show in Detroit this January with three of its latest creations: a four-wheel drive hybrid sedan, an all-electric SUV prototype, and an extended-range plug-in concept car.

Well, saying GAC Group (HKG:2238) rolled into the Detroit Auto Show is a bit of an overstatement.

GAC, China’s sixth-largest automaker by sales last month, chose a space in the cavernous lobby of Cobo Hall, beyond the doors of the massive auto exposition itself. The company put on a good show. Female models were flown in from the mainland to hand out crystal flutes of champagne and colorful hors d’oeuvres, while automotive journalists and car-company executives peered curiously under the hoods of the vehicles on display, getting glimpses into the domestic Chinese automobile market.

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Susan Shirk Quoted on China’s Policy Toward North Korea

Natasha Lennard, Salon

This week was not the first time Pyongyang has threatened to engulf its enemies in a “sea of fire.” South Korea was promised such treatment in November 2011, but yet still stands, unsinged. So, when Pyongyang responded to new sanctions approved by the U.N. this week with threats of preemptive attacks on Washington and South Korea with “lighter and smaller nukes,” unsurprisingly hatches have not been battened down.

North Korea is not thought to have the ability to produce a warhead small enough to put on a missile capable of reaching the United States. It is believed to have enough nuclear fuel, however, for a handful of cruder devices. And with the move to approve heavier sanctions by the U.N. Security Council to “raise the cost to North Korea of its illicit nuclear program,” it’s clear the international community takes Kim Jong Un’s increasing number of threats somewhat seriously.

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Tai Ming Cheung Cited on China’s Defense Budget


China will boost defense spending 10.7 percent this year as the government modernizes its military arsenal and adopts a more assertive stance in territorial disputes with its neighbors.

Military spending is set to rise this year to 740.6 billion yuan ($119 billion) from 669.1 billion yuan, the Ministry of Finance said in a report. China has the second-biggest military budget in the world after the U.S., which spent nearly six times more on defense than China last year and is now cutting those outlays.

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Tai Ming Cheung Responds to Chinese Cyber-Attack Analysis

Jonathan Landreth, James Fallows, Xiao Qiang, Bill Bishop, Tai Ming Cheung, China File

With regular ChinaFile Conversation contributor Elizabeth Economy on the road, I turned to her colleague Adam Segal, Maurice R. Greenberg Senior Fellow for China Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York. Segal said that “the time for naming and shaming has passed. That strategy is clearly not working.”

Even if the Obama Administration plans to make it clearer to the incoming leadership in Beijing that cybersecurity is significant to bilateral relations between the world’s two largest economies, the U.S. must take more concrete actions to solve the problem, Segal said in a telephone interview.

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New Report by Tai Ming Cheung on China’s Military Progress

Defense News

2012 was a exceptional year for the Chinese defense economy as it produced a series of headline-grabbing technological accomplishments.

A new free report, edited by Tai Ming Cheung, The Chinese Defense Economy Takes Off; Sector-By-Sector Assessments and the Role of Military End-Users, presents readers with a collection of fifteen policy briefs from research papers presented at the third annual Chinese defense economy conference held by the Study of Innovation and Technology in China. It explores how China has made such impressive military technological progress over the past few years, what is in store, and what are the international security implications.

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